Nick Arner

Video Tools and Interfaces: Perspectives From Adobe Research

Posted at — Jan 11, 2021

I recently attended an online seminar hosted by Mira Dontcheva of Adobe Research. Mira is a principal scientist and research manager working in Human-Computer Interaction. Her seminar, titled “Video is the Core Communication Tool of the Future”, highlighted some of the work that Adobe Research is doing in that area.

Mira was quick to point out that the title of the talk may already be inaccurate, given how the Covid-19 epidemic has so accelerated this technological trend. We’re on more video calls than ever before, Zoom is now a household name (and it’s stock shooting through the roof), doctors are having more telemedicine appointments, and students are raising their virtual hands on Zoom calls, rather than in-person.

One participant on the call made a very good, and early point; that while the usage of video in communication is accelerating at a very rapid pace, that does not mean it is the end all and be all of communication going forward. Video has an immediacy that is useful for some types of communication contexts, but that immediacy may not be useful or even wanted for all types of communication.

Two big questions around how we interact with video content surfaced:

  1. How do we save info from video? How do we get information from video?

  2. How do we get information from video?

For the first question, it seems that there are a variety of ad-hoc solutions that people use to do this, including;

  1. Taking notes while watching a video

  2. Taking screenshots of the video

  3. Manually scrolling through a recording to find the part of the video you needed

These are obviously not ideal for the people using them, because it means that while they’re watching a video, they have to be doing something else.

As far as getting information from video content; machine learning and computer vision techniques for extracting meaning from video and audio are becoming more advanced, and able to detect a variety of semantic meaning types from video content. Some companies working on this include Otter.ai for transcription from video, and Viovr; a platform for making video searchable.

Being able to get that information, and exposing it to a user via basic User-Interface primitives, will allow for users to get more value from interacting with video content.

These primitives include:

These primitives can be created by leveraging computer vision and machine learning techniques such as:

Object Recognition (including People Detection)

Object Recognition

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object_detection

Motion Understanding

Motion Understanding

https://www.hao-jiang.net/images/cvpr2011.png

Scene Understanding

Scene Understanding

https://cse.buffalo.edu/~jcorso/r/snippets.semantic_segmentation.html

Audio Transcription

Scene Understanding

https://medium.com/@ageitgey/machine-learning-is-fun-part-6-how-to-do-speech-recognition-with-deep-learning-28293c162f7a

ADOBE RESEARCH PROJECTS

Mira presented some of the work that was being done at Adobe Research in the area of intelligent video interaction.

All of these research projects leverage computer vision and ML techniques to detect meaning from video content, and present it to users in a way that can add more meaning and context than just a statically played-back video.

VIDEO TO AUGMENTED-REALITY TUTORIALS

During the webinar, we also discussed Augmented-Reality as a way to interact with video content. Augmented-Reality provides a way to bring video content out of a flat computer screen and into the physical, real world. It has the potential to take video content about and set in the real world, and actually put that content in the real world by displaying the videos in context around the objects that they are about. Instead of watching a cooking tutorial on your laptop and then cooking the meal in your kitchen, you would be able to have an AR headset guide you through the tutorial.

Some of the work I did at a previous startup, Asteroid, involved prototyping video content interactions for AR. While experimenting with various headsets and mobile AR usage, we came to the conclusion that that AR was great for displaying multimedia content.

Part of our thesis was that video manipulation and tutorials are going to be “the killer app” for consumer AR. Time will tell if that is indeed the case. I do expect that as Apple and Facebook roll out their consumer AR offerings, there will be more work done in this space; either from them or the people building on top of their platforms.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS

Video is becoming more and more of a ubiquitous feature across all kinds of applications and industry sectors. One only needs to look at the success of Zoom, and the current circumstances of the pandemic, to see the opportunity of video startups. We will see more startups focused on not just providing video capabilities across application stacks, but also working on making it easier to interact with and manipulate video. These will be built around being able to extract information using cutting-edge computer vision and machine learning techniques…making it so that software can understand the content that is in video; to search for people, objects, spoken dialog, or text in a scene, and using that information to let users make decisions about how they’re making the video.

This will allow people working with video to spend more time on the creative aspects of working with video, and less on manually searching for specific content in the video they’re working with. The teams of startups working in this area will have a mix of machine learning, computer vision, and video production / editing experience.

The interfaces for working with video that make use of these new ML and CV techniques in such a way that they make it easy for the user to see and search for the semantic information that is locked in the videos that people are working with. These interfaces don’t have to be radically different from the ones we have today…in fact, many will be able to make use of the familiar paradigms I mentioned at the beginning:

Working with video should be as easy as working with text in a word processor. We’re on the path towards this, but we still have a ways to go.